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Текст документа по состоянию на 1 марта 2008 года (архив)

Страница 8
   equipment. The equipment shall not be used in any circumstances to
   transmit  intelligence  data  nor  in any other way to acquire any
   military advantage.
       172. Hospital  ships,  small  craft  used  for  coastal rescue
   operations  and  other  medical  transports  are   encouraged   to
   implement  the  means  of  identification  set  out  in Annex I of
   Additional Protocol I of 1977.
       173. These  means  of  identification  are  intended  only  to
   facilitate  identification  and  do  not,  of  themselves,  confer
   protected status.
                              Section III
                            MEDICAL AIRCRAFT
       174. Medical  aircraft  shall  be  protected  and respected as
   specified in the provisions of this document.
       175. Medical  aircraft shall be clearly marked with the emblem
   of the red cross or red crescent,  together  with  their  national
   colours,  on  their  lower,  upper  and lateral surfaces.  Medical
   aircraft  are  encouraged  to  implement  the   other   means   of
   identification set out in Annex I of Additional Protocol I of 1977
   at all times. Aircraft chartered by the International Committee of
   the  Red Cross may use the same means of identification as medical
   aircraft. Temporary medical aircraft which cannot, either for lack
   of  time  or because of their characteristics,  be marked with the
   distinctive  emblem  should  use  the  most  effective  means   of
   identification available.
       176. Means of identification are intended only  to  facilitate
   identification and do not, of themselves, confer protected status.
       177. Parties to the conflict are encouraged to notify  medical
   flights and conclude agreements at all times,  especially in areas
   where control  by  any  party  to  the  conflict  is  not  clearly
   established. When such an agreement is concluded, it shall specify
   the altitudes,  times and routes for  safe  operation  and  should
   include means of identification and communications.
       178. Medical aircraft shall not be used to commit acts harmful
   to the enemy.  They shall not carry any equipment intended for the
   collection or transmission of intelligence data. They shall not be
   armed,  except  for  small  arms for self-defence,  and shall only
   carry medical personnel and equipment.
       179. Other  aircraft,  military  or  civilian,  belligerent or
   neutral,  that are employed in the search for, rescue or transport
   of the wounded,  sick and shipwrecked,  operate at their own risk,
   unless pursuant to prior agreement  between  the  parties  to  the
       180. Medical aircraft flying over areas which  are  physically
   controlled by the opposing belligerent, or over areas the physical
   control of which is not clearly established,  may  be  ordered  to
   land  to  permit inspection.  Medical aircraft shall obey any such
       181. Belligerent  medical  aircraft  shall  not  enter neutral
   airspace except by prior agreement.  When within neutral  airspace
   pursuant  to  agreement,  medical  aircraft  shall comply with the
   terms of the agreement. The terms of the agreement may require the
   aircraft to land for inspection at a designated airport within the
   neutral State. Should the agreement so require, the inspection and
   follow-on  action shall be conducted in accordance with paragraphs
   182 - 183.
       182. Should a medical aircraft, in the absence of an agreement
   or in deviation from the terms  of  an  agreement,  enter  neutral
   airspace,  either  through  navigational  error  or  because of an
   emergency affecting the safety of the flight,  it shall make every
   effort to give notice and to identify itself. Once the aircraft is
   recognized as a medical aircraft by the neutral  State,  it  shall
   not  be attacked but may be required to land for inspection.  Once
   it has been inspected,  and if it is determined in fact  to  be  a
   medical aircraft, it shall be allowed to resume its flight.
       183. If the inspection reveals that  the  aircraft  is  not  a
   medical  aircraft,  it  may be captured,  and the occupants shall,
   unless agreed otherwise between the neutral State and the  parties
   to  the  conflict,  be  detained  in  the  neutral  State where so
   required by the rules of international  law  applicable  in  armed
   conflict, in such a manner that they cannot again take part in the

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