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08.11.2014
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() " ". .

(. 31.03.1992)

1 2008 ()

23
 
                            -                             
                           ,                             
                           . 6 <*>                                
   L--------------+----------+----------------+----------------+------------

       --------------------------------
       <*>     /           35   
       .     / 
      110             
           .     
    ,   . 6.
       <**>     110 .    
   110            ,      
        .

                                                             2

                    
               R60    

   -----------------T-----------------------------------------------
               R60, ,         
                        , . C                
     +------T------T------T------T------T------T-----+
    ,    10    20    30    40    50    60   70  
   +----------------+------+------+------+------+------+------+-----+
    35            450   300   200   130    90    60   40  
   +----------------+------+------+------+------+------+------+-----+
   100              900   600   400   260   180   120   80  
   +----------------+------+------+------+------+------+------+-----+
    110                                         
   L----------------+------------------------------------------------

       . ,    ,    
     .

                                                             3

                    
           , ,  -  
                 ,    

   ------------T-------------------------T--------------------------
   -                        
                            
     +----------T--------------+-----------T--------------+
               ,     ,     
                                   
                   
                                             
   +-----------+----------+--------------+-----------+--------------+
        1                ,               , ,   
   +-----------+----------+--------------+-----------+--------------+
        2                ,               , ,   
   +-----------+----------+--------------+-----------+--------------+
        3     ( + )                      , ,   
                 <*>                                           
   +-----------+----------+--------------+-----------+--------------+
        4         -          -         ( + )    ,     
                                          <*>                  
   +-----------+----------+--------------+-----------+--------------+
        5         -          -        ( +  +            
                                        ) <*>                
   L-----------+----------+--------------+-----------+---------------

       --------------------------------
       <*>      
   16000  x   .

                                                             4

                   TG 
                    

   ----------------------T------------------------------------------
             tg  (%)    
                                     , . C             
                        +---T------T------T------T-----T-----T-----+
                        10   20    30    40   50   60   70  
   +---------------------+---+------+------+------+-----+-----+-----+
   35   1,8 2,5   3,5   5,0   7,0 10,0 14,0 
   10000  x   110 -                                     
   150                                       
   +---------------------+---+------+------+------+-----+-----+-----+
   220   1,0 1,3   1,6   2,0   2,5  3,2  4,0 
   L---------------------+---+------+------+------+-----+-----+------

       . ,    ,    
     .

                                                             5

                    2/50
                    

   -------------------T---------------------------------------------
                   2/50         
   , ¦               , . C              
                     +------T------T------T------T------T------T---+
                       10    20    30    40    50    60  70 
   +------------------+------+------+------+------+------+------+---+
    35              1,2   1,3   1,4   1,5   1,6   1,7  1,8
   +------------------+------+------+------+------+------+------+---+
   110 - 150          1,1   1,2   1,3   1,4   1,5   1,6  1,7
   +------------------+------+------+------+------+------+------+---+
    150                                         
   L------------------+----------------------------------------------

                                                             6

                   /
           110     

   -----------------------------T-----------------------------------
               / (%)     
                                   , . C    
                               +-----T-------T-------T-------T-----+
                                10    20     30     40    50  
   +----------------------------+-----+-------+-------+-------+-----+
     /          8    12     18     29    44  
   +----------------------------+-----+-------+-------+-------+-----+
        3     4      5      8,5  13  
   /,                                      
                                     
                                             
   L----------------------------+-----+-------+-------+-------+------

       .   /,    . 3,
        .

                                                             7

                     
                

   -----------------------T-----------------------------------------
                ()     
                                 
                                        ,                
                         +-----T-----T-----T-----T-----T-----T-----+
                              3    6   10   15   20   35  
                         0,69                               
   +----------------------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+
           5    18   25   35   45   55   85  
                                         
                                                  
                                       
   +----------------------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+
           3    10   16   24   37    -    -  
    ,                                   
                                              
   L----------------------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+------

                                                             8

                      
                      

   ------------------------------------------------T----------------
                                              
   +-----------------------------------------------+----------------+
     ,                  
                              
   ,                             
   , :                                                
                                                                  
    15                                               20       
                                                                  
    15  35                                         25       
                                                                  
    60  220                                        35       
   +-----------------------------------------------+----------------+
                                  
                                   0        
   +-----------------------------------------------+----------------+
      (                      
      ),           1     
   +-----------------------------------------------+----------------+
    ,                           0,25    
   +-----------------------------------------------+----------------+
                                  
   :                                                       
                                                                  
                                  
   630  x                                     
                                   0,014    
                                                                  
                               0,03    
                                                                  
                                     
   630  x                                        
   +-----------------------------------------------+----------------+
                             
     ,                      5 . C   
   +-----------------------------------------------+----------------+
                               
   70 . C,                                    7%       
   +-----------------------------------------------+----------------+
                                 
   +-----------------------------------------------+                
                                              
   L-----------------------------------------------+-----------------

       .               
      .     
          ,     
                        
            ( 38-101-1025-85,
    928-74,   38-101-890-81,   38-101-281-80,  10121-76 
   .)

                                                             9

                
               

   ----------------------------------------T------------------------
        ,             
          ,           ,      
   +---------------------------------------+------------------------+
              24                                  0,5           
   +---------------------------------------+------------------------+
             25 - 60                                1,0           
   +---------------------------------------+------------------------+
             61 - 200                               1,5           
   +---------------------------------------+------------------------+
             201 - 500                               2            
   +---------------------------------------+------------------------+
              500                         2,5 U + 1,      
                                                  3      
   L---------------------------------------+-------------------------

       . U -    
   .

                                                            10

                   
                          

   --------------------------T--------------------------------------
                    ()    
                                         
                                       ,             
                            +------T--------T-------T-------T------+
                             0,66   1,05   3,15    6,3   10,5 
   +-------------------------+------+--------+-------+-------+------+
                1,1    1,7     5,1   10,2   17,0 
   +-------------------------+------+--------+-------+-------+------+
       2,3    4,5     7,5   15,0   21,0 
   L-------------------------+------+--------+-------+-------+-------

                                                            11

                     
              ( 667-73)

   --------------------------T-----------------T--------------------
                                 
                                               
                            +--------T--------+-------T------------+
                                -   
                                               
                            +--------+--------+  
                                      
                             21.211. 21.211. -            
                            0720.00 0730.09              
                                            -            
                                                         
   +-------------------------+--------+--------+-------+------------+
                                        
   (H2SO4), %               92 - 94 92 - 94    -         -     
   +-------------------------+--------+--------+-------+------------+
                                             
   (Fe), %,          0,005   0,010      -         -     
   +-------------------------+--------+--------+-------+------------+
                                            
    ,                                         
   %,                0,02    0,03       -         -     
   +-------------------------+--------+--------+-------+------------+
                                            
    (N2O3), %,                                          
                       0,00003 0,0001     -         -     
   +-------------------------+--------+--------+-------+------------+
                                            
   (As), %,          0,00005 0,00008    -         -     
   +-------------------------+--------+--------+-------+------------+
                                          
    (Cl), %,                                       
                       0,0002  0,0003     -         -     
   +-------------------------+--------+--------+-------+------------+
                                           
   (Mn), %,          0,00005 0,0001     -         -     
   +-------------------------+--------+--------+-------+------------+
      -                                    
      -                                   
      (Pb), %,                                     
                       0,01    0,01       -         -     
   +-------------------------+--------+--------+-------+------------+
      (Cu),                                    
   %,                0,0005  0,0005     -         -     
   +-------------------------+--------+--------+-------+------------+
     ,                                      
                                              
                                               
    (KMnO4), .                                       
     1/5 (KMnO4) =                                    
   0,01 /. ,                                          
                     4,5     7,0        -         -     
   +-------------------------+--------+--------+-------+------------+
                     . 3.13  667-73      
   +-------------------------+--------T--------T--------------------+
                         
   20 . C, /.         -       -    
                                            +-------T------------+
                                             1,18  +/- 0,005   
                                            +-------+------------+
                                                
                                             
                                            +-------T------------+
                                            1,210  1,240       
                                            +/-    +/- 0,005   
                                            0,005              
   L-------------------------+--------+--------+-------+-------------

                                                            12

                        
                 ( 6709-72)

   ---------------------------------------------T-------------------
                                                   
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    , /. ,  :                   
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
                              5            
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
       (NH4)                  0,02         
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    (NO3)                                    0,2          
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    (SO4)                                   0,5          
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    (Cl)                                     0,02         
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    (Al)                                     0,05         
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    (Fe)                                       0,05         
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    (Ca)                                      0,8          
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    (Cu)                                         0,02         
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    (Pb)                                       0,05         
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
    (Zn)                                        0,2          
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
   ,  KMnO4 (0)              0,08         
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
   pH                                          5,4 - 6,6      
   +--------------------------------------------+-------------------+
                     -4       
   20 . C /,                         5 x 10         
   L--------------------------------------------+--------------------

                                                            13

                    ( 9285-78)

   -------------------T---------------------------------------------------
                                           
                     +-------------------------T-------------------------+
                              ,                 ,        
                          21.3231.0200          21.3231.0100     
                     +------------T------------+------------T------------+
                                 
                     21.3231.022021.3231.023021.3231.012021.3231.0130
   +------------------+------------+------------+------------+------------+
                      , -
                     ,           , - 
                       ,    - 
                                       
                                                        
                                                                 
   +------------------+------------+------------+------------T------------+
    , %:                                                 
                                                                     
                                                         
   (KOH + NaOH)                                                     
                                                          
   OH,          95           95          54          52       
                                                                     
                                                          
    (K2CO3),                                                    
                 1,4          1,5         0,4         0,8     
                                                                     
                                                            
                                                            
    Cl,                                                            
                 0,7          0,7         0,7         0,8     
                                                                     
                                                            
   (SO4),                                                            
                 0,025        0,05        0,03        0,1     
                                                                     
    (Fe),                                                      
                 0,03         0,03        0,004       0,01    
                                                                     
                                                    
    (KClO3),                                                    
                 0,1          0,2         0,15        0,3     
                                                                     
    (Si),                                                   
                 0,01         0,02        0,0015   
                                                                     
                                                     
    NaOH,      1,5          2,0         1,7         2,0     
                                                                     
    (Ca),                                                   
                 0,01         0,01        0,005    
                                                                     
    (Al),                                                    
                 0,003        0,005       0,003           
                                                                     
                                                         
    (N),                                                 
                                                          
                   0,003        0,003       0,003           
   +------------------+------------+------------+------------+------------+
                         
                      
                                             
   L------------------+----------------------------------------------------

                                                            14

                    ( 8595-83)

   ---------------------------T---------------------------------------
                                             
                             +-------------------T-------------------+
                                -1        -3     
                              , ,
                               70.2652.1001    70.2652.1003  
   +--------------------------+-------------------+-------------------+
                                             
    (LiOH), %,           56,7               53,0       
   +--------------------------+-------------------+-------------------+
     , %,                                      
    :                                                       
                                                                   


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