.   .
 
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() " ". .

31.12.2004 N 13 ,

1 2008 ()


                   
                          
                                   
                             
                       31  2004 . N 13
                                   
                   ,
                            
   
                 ,
               (),
    .
                      
     ,   .     
   1996   2003 .  ,   ,
     40  ( 1,7 .   1996 .  67,7 .     2003
   .).
                          
          -   ,
           ,     -
       ,   .
                
        08.11.2000 N 14  (    
     09.11.2000 N 9560-      
      )             
       -        
   ,     ,         -
       ,    -         
      .   -      
   ,     ,        
   ,           
   ,      .
              
       16.09.2003 N 149 (  
       16.09.2003  N  5075) -,
      -    
   ,                     
     ().
                   
   ,        
       ,      
     .
         01.12.2004         
             
             13  
         (  1)    5    
   ( 2).
         ,         ,
         ,    
         ,      
        ,  
               
    ( 3  4).
                  -
             
        -176,           
    ,   , .
                    
                   
   ,         ,   -
           2.3.2.1078-01   "    
              "   (
              
   14.11.2001  N  36,      22.03.2002  N
   3326)     .
                        
               
      .    
       -   ,        
      ,             
                ,
         .      
     153  .
                      
     11,9%    .        
            -  14,8%       
     ,    .  
      ,  ,  36,4%    
       ,     
   ,   ,    47,8%.  
             ,    :   
     - 17,7%,   -   -
   16,7%    - 16,4%.
                ,      ,
         ,     
   ,           ,
    ,      :
        "Primeprotein S",   "Nutrac
   B.V.",   ;         "ProTecCOn   G",
    "SoyProTec LTD.P.O.136", ;   
    "APKON SJ",  "", .
                             
         .
          ,            
                ,
       ,          
   30.03.1999  N  52-  " -  
   "  (   ,  1999,
   N  14,  . 1650),  02.01.2000 N 29- "   
       "    (       
   ,  2000, N 2, . 150),  07.02.1992 N 2300-1  "  
       "    (       
   , 1996, N 3, . 140) :
       1.          
                    
    :
       -          
            . 
                  
   "         "     
    ;
       -          
            . -
     -  ;
       -          
                     
        ;
       -          
                     
        ;
       -          
                     
        ;
       -          
                     
        ;
       -          
                     
        .
       2.            
               
           .  ,  .  -
   ,  , , , 
   ,                
          "      
       . ", "       .
   -",  "         
   ",  "      ",
   "          ",  "
        ", "   
        "    
            
                 
   .
       3.            
        :
       3.1.         -
         ,      ,  
                  
     2005 .
       3.2.    10  ,       ,
                     
      "          "
                  
   ( 5).
       3.3.      ,    
        ,   
     ,     ,        
                      
     .
       3.4.  01.03.2005    .
       4.   :
       4.1.      15.01.2005      
          ,     
        19.01.1998  N  55  (
      , 1998, N  4,  .  482),  
     ,   .
       4.2.      01.04.2005     
          -
    .
       4.3.         2005  
           
      ,   .
       4.4.            
     "    "    
        ( )      
        -   
          2005 .
       4.5.           
               
                     
         .
       4.6.            
    "    "    20
   ,           ,  
          .
       5.        
                 
     .. .
   
                                                          ..
   
   
   
   
   
   
                                                         N 1
                                                        
                                              
                                                      
                                                   
                                             31  2004 . N 13
   
                 
         ,   
               
                          
   
   ----T-------------------T----------T-----------------------------
    N                             
   /             -
                               
                                                   
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
    1          2              3                  4              
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   1.                 , 2002                         
       40-3-2,             N 77.99.02.916..000006.08.02
                          5                      
                                                      
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   2.                     2003                         
        , N 77.99.02.916..000019.05.03
       (Russet             5                      
      Burbank Newleaf),                                         
                                                     
                                                
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   3.           , 2003                         
                    N 77.99.02.916..000020.05.03
       (Superior              5                      
      Newleaf),                                                 
                                                     
                                                
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   4.            , 2000                         
       GA 21,              N 77.99.8.971..84.12.00     
                         3                     
                                                       
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   5.            , 2000                         
       MON 810,            N 77.99.8.971..85.12.00     
                         3                     
                                              
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   6.             2001                         
       -25,        , æN 77.99.04.916..007484.12.01
                         5                      
                                              
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   7.            , 2002                         
       NK-603,             N 77.99.04.916..000003.07.02
                         5                      
                                                       
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   8.      , 2001                         
       77,                 N 77.99.11.911..006695.11.01
                 5                      
                 ..,                             
                                                         
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   9.                  2002                         
        2704-12,   , æN 77.99.04.972..000004.07.02
                         5                      
                                              
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   10.                 2002                         
        5547-127,  , æN 77.99.04.972..000005.07.02
                         5                      
                                              
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   11.           , 2003                         
       MON 863,            N 77.99.02.916..000010.04.03
                         5                      
                                                      
      (Diabrotica spp)                                          
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   12.     , 2001                         
       77                  N 77.99.11.911..006696.11.01
                            5                      
                          ..,                             
                                                         
   +---+-------------------+----------+-----------------------------+
   13.                 2003                         
       LL 62        , æN 77.99.02.916..000030.11.03
                                    5                      
   L---+-------------------+----------+------------------------------
   
   
   
   
   
   
                                                         N 2
                                                        
                                              
                                                      
                                                   
                                             31  2004 . N 13
   
                               
               ,
              
                    
   
   ----T-------------------------------------T----------------------
    N                 
   /                                                           
   +---+-------------------------------------+----------------------+
   1          
      Saccharomyces cerevisiae Y-1986      ,    
      c  -                  
      B.licheniformis                                            
   +---+-------------------------------------+----------------------+
   2                    
      B.licheniformis                               
      B.stearothermophilus,                           
      -                                              
   +---+-------------------------------------+----------------------+
   3     Aspergillus    
      niger   Aspergillus niger,                    
                                          
   +---+-------------------------------------+----------------------+
   4                   -     
      B.licheniformis   -        
       B.stearothermophilus                                    
   +---+-------------------------------------+----------------------+
   5                   -     
      B.licheniformis                        
       -                              
       B.Licheniformis                                         
   L---+-------------------------------------+-----------------------
   
   
   
   
   
   
                                                         N 3
                                                        
                                              
                                                      
                                                   
                                             31  2004 . N 13
   
           ,      
                             ( FDA)
   
   ----T------------------T---------------------T-------------------
    N                       ,  
   /                                   ,  
                                                
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
    1         2                   3                   4         
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   1    40-3-2          " ",     
                                    Monsanto Co,    
                                             1995               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   2    G94-1       " ", , 
                             "DuPont Canada     
                                             Agricultural       
                                             Product" 1997      
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   3    G94-19      " ", , 
                             "DuPont Canada     
                                             Agricultural       
                                             Product" 1997      
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   4    G94-168     " ", , 
                             "DuPont Canada     
                                             Agricultural       
                                             Product" 1997      
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   5    2704-12        "             
                                  ", ,  
                                             "Bayer             
                                             CropScience" 1998  
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   6                    "             
      5547-127                   ", ,  
                                             "Bayer             
                                             CropScience" 1998  
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   7               Mycogen Seeds      
      6275                       c/o Dow            
                                AgroScience LLC    
                                  2004               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   8               Dow AgroSciences   
      1507                         LLC 2001           
                                                   
                                                     
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   9    MS6        "             
                        ,         ", ,  
                                      "Bayer             
                                 CropScience" 2000  
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   10   NK         " ",     
      603                           Monsanto Co,    
                                             2000               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   11   MS3        "             
                        ,         ", ,  
                                      "Bayer             
                                 CropScience" 1996  
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   12              AgrEvo 1998        
      35-1                                         
                                                   
                                                     
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   13   676        Pioneer Hi-Bred    
                        ,         1998               
                                             
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   14   678        Pioneer Hi-Bred    
                        ,         1998               
                                             
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   15   680        Pioneer Hi-Bred    
                        ,         1998               
                                             
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   16              Dekalb Genetics    
      DBT418                       1997               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   17   GA         " ",     
      21                            Monsanto Co,    
                                             1998               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   18   MON        " ",     
      802                          Monsanto Co,    
                                1996               
                                                       
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   19   MON        " ",     
      805                          Monsanto Co,    
                                1996               
                                                       
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   20   MON        " ",     
      830                          Monsanto Co,    
                                1996               
                                                       
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   21   MON        " ",     
      831                          Monsanto ,    
                                1996               
                                                       
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   22   MON        " ",     
      832                          Monsanto Co,    
                                1996               
                                                       
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   23   MON        " ",     
      809                          Monsanto Co,    
                                             1996               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   24              " ",     
      MON 810                      Monsanto Co,    
                                             1996               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   25              " ",     
      DLL 25                      Decalb Genetics    
                                             1996               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   26              " ",     
      MON 801                      Monsanto Co,    
                                             1996               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   27   MON              
      863                           2001    
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   28              AgrEvo 1995        
       14                                           
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   29              AgrEvo 1995        
       25                                           
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   30              Northrup King 1996 
      t 176                                          
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   31   OXY-235        Rhone-Poulens 1999 
                                                    
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   32   MS8            AgrEvo 1998        
                        ,                            
                                             
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   33   RF 3           AgrEvo 1998        
                        ,                            
                                             
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   34   45            AgrEvo 1997        
                                                     
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   35   91-4           Plant Genetic      
                        ,         Systems, N. V.     
                          1996               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   36   93-101         Plant Genetic      
                        ,         Systems, N. V.     
                               1996               
                                                    
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   37   94-2           Plant Genetic      
                        ,         Systems, N. V.     
                               1996               
                                                    
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   38   HCN92          AgrEvo 1995        
                                                     
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   39   GT20     GT73      " ",     
                                             Monsanto Co,    
                                             2002               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   40   GT73           " ",     
                                    Monsanto Co,    
                                             1995               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   41  LL 62 LL 06           "             
                                  ",    
                                             "Bayer CropScience"
                                             2000               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   42              " ",     
      SEMT15-02              Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                          Y                      
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   43              " ",     
      SEMT15-15              Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                          Y                      
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   44              " ",     
      SEMT15-07              Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                          Y                      
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   45              " ",     
      HLMT15-15              Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                          Y                      
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   46              " ",     
      HLMT15-3               Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                          Y                      
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   47              " ",     
      HLMT15-46              Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                          Y                      
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   48              " ",     
      RBMT15-10              Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                          Y                      
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   49              " ",     
      RBMT21-129             Monsanto ,    
                                1998               
                                               
                                                
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   50              " ",     
      RBMT21-152             Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                                               
                                                
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   51              " ",     
      RBMT21-350             Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                                               
                                                
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   52              " ",     
      RBMT22-82              Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                                               
                                                
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   53              " ",     
      RBMT22-186             Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                                               
                                                
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   54              " ",     
      RBMT22-238             Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                                               
                                                
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   55              " ",     
      RBMT22-262             Monsanto Co,    
                                1998               
                                               
                                                
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   56              " ",     
      04-6               Monsanto Co,    
                                             1996               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   57              " ",     
      04-27              Monsanto Co,    
                                             1996               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   58              " ",     
      04-30              Monsanto Co,    
                                             1996               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   59              " ",     
      04-31              Monsanto Co,    
                                             1996               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   60              " ",     
      04-36              Monsanto Co,    
                                             1996               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   61              " ",     
      SPBT02-5               1996               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   62              " ",     
      SPBT02-7               Monsanto ,    
                                             1996               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   63              " ",     
      10                   Monsanto Co,    
                                             1995               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   64   6        " ",     
                             Monsanto Co,    
                                             1995               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   65              " ",     
      12                   Monsanto Co,    
                                             1995               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   66              " ",     
      16                   Monsanto Co,    
                                             1995               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   67              " ",     
      17                   Monsanto Co,    
                                             1995               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   68              " ",     
      18                   Monsanto Co,    
                                             1995               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   69              " ",     
      23                   Monsanto Co,    
                                             1995               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   70   CZW3  Seminis Vegetable  
                               Seeds 1997         
                                                   
                                                   
                                                  
                                                   
                           2                   
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   71         Seminis Vegetable  
      CZW20                    Seeds 1997         
                                                   
                                                   
                                                  
                                                   
                           2                   
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   72   ZW20        Asgrow 1995        
                                                   
                                                  
                                                   
                           2                   
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   73   55-1         U of Hawaii 1997   
                                                 
                                                     
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   74   5345         Calgene 1998       
                                                      
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   75             Agritope 1996      
      35-1-N                                          
                                               
                                                  
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   76             DNA Plant          
      1345-4                       Technology 1995    
                                               
                                                  
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   77             Zeneca 1995        
                                               
                                                      
                                               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   78   Da         Zeneca 1995        
                                               
                                                      
                                               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   79   F          Zeneca 1995        
                                               
                                                      
                                               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   80   8338       " ",     
                            Monsanto Co,    
                              1995               
                                                         
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   81   FLAVR      Calgene 1994       
      SAVR CR3-613 CR3-                        
      623                                             
                                               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   82   FLAVR      Calgene 1995       
      SAVR CR3-623                             
                                                      
                                               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   83             AgrEvo 1998        
        120-7                                  
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   84             " Ko", KWS 
       -7-1                   SAAT G Monsanto   
                                             Co,  2004       
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   85   CDC             U of Saskatchevan  
      Triffid               1998               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   86  71800             " ",     
                                    Monsanto Co,    
                                             2004               
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   87                 Agritope 1999      
                                                
                                               
                                                  
   +---+------------------+---------------------+-------------------+
   88                 Agritope 1999      
                                                
                                               
                                                  
   L---+------------------+---------------------+--------------------
   
   
   
   
   
   
                                                         N 4
                                                        
                                              
                                                      
                                                   
                                             31  2004 . N 13
   
                               
                  , 
                 
                           
   
   ----T--------------T------------------------------------T-----------
    N  - (, , ),    
   /           :    
            +-------------------T----------------+           
                                     
                                           
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
    1       2                3                4             5     
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
   1         , ,          
                          
   +---+--------------T-------------------T----------------T-----------+
           Saccharomyces      ,         -  
            cerevisiae               
                                                         
                                       Saccharomyces              
                                       diastaticus                
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
   2         ,     
                                                              
   +---+--------------T-------------------T----------------T-----------+
       Aspergillus oryzae Aspergillus                
        Aspergillus niger  oryzae,                    
                                                     
                                       Hemicellu-ase              
                                       endo-1,4-a-                
                                       xylanase                 
                                       Aspergillus                
                                       aculeatus                  
                    Bacillus subtilis  Aspergillus                
                    Humicola insolens  oryzae,                    
                    Trichoderma reesei               
                                       Hemicellu-ase              
                                       endo-1,4-a-                
                                       xylanase                 
                                       Thermomyces                
                                       lanugriosus                
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
              Penicillium        -                          
      -  camembertii                                   
                                                             
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
              Aspergillus oryzae Aspergillus                
      -   Aspergillus niger  oryzae,                    
               Rhizopus arrhizus                
                    Rhizomucor miehei                       
                    Rhizophus niveus              
                    Rhizophus oryzae    Humicola                
                                       lanuginosa                 
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
             Aspergillus niger                             
      (U--   Aspergillus oryzae                            
      )       Saccharomyces                                 
                    fragilis                                      
                    Saccharomyces                                 
                    lactis                                        
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
           Saccharomyces                      ,   
                    cerevisiae                              
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
       Aspergillus niger                             
      (-  Bacillus subtilis                             
             Trichoderma reesei                            
      )                                                    
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
           Aspergillus niger                             
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
        B.subtilis         .subtilis                
      (                                          
      )                         B.stearothermo-            
                                       philus, B.                 
                                       subtilis                  
                                        B.brevis             
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
      - 1. B.subtilis .  1. B.subtilis  -     
                    F                   -    ,   
                    2. Aspergillus            ,   
                    oryzae var.        B.megaterium,       
                    3. B.                              
                    stearothermophilus  800           
                                       2. B.subtilis             
                                        -               
                                                         
                                       B.stearothermo-            
                                       philu,                     
                                                       
                                                          
                                       720                    
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
         B.                 -               -     
                    stearothermophilus                     
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
      - Aspergillus niger  Aspergillus     -     
                                   niger,       
                                       ,             
                                                  
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
        Aspergillus niger, -                          
                    var.                                          
                    Aspergillus                                   
                    awamori, var.                                 
                    Bacillus                                      
                    licheniformi s                                
                    Rhizopus oryzae,                              
                    var.                                          
                    Sacharomyces spp.                             
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
            Micrococcus        Aspergillus sp. -  
                    lysodeicticus      - -       
                    Aspergillus niger                        
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
           Penicillium        -                          
                    funiculosum                                   
                    Trichoderma reesei                            
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
                               E. coli K-12 IA -  
      ()                      198,    
                                          
                                                         
                                                        
                                       -             
                                        ,                 
                                                    
                                                           
                                        ,             
                                                       
                                        PPFZ-87A            
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
                            Aspergillus     -  
                              niger var.        
                                       awamori,                   
                                       .                 
                                                           
                                                       
                                       (NRRZ3112)                 
                                       Bep - pgAMpR            
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
         Kluyvenomyces      Kluyvenomyces   -  
           lactis             lactis (Dombr.    
                                       Van del Walt)             
                                                      
                                       ,               
                                       -            
                                                          
                                        PUC18             
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
      -   Aspergillus niger                             
                    var                                           
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
      -   Trichoderma        -             
                    harzianum          Trichoderma sp.            
                    Trichoderma reesei Bacillus sp.               
                                                               
                    longibrachiatum                               
                    B.subtilis                                 
                    amyloliquefaciences                           
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
      -   Actinoplanes       -                          
              missiouri. sis,                               
                    B. coagulaus,                                 
                    Streptomyces                                  
                    olivaceous,                                   
                    Streptomyces                                  
                    Rubiginosus,                                  
                    Streptomyces                                  
                    violaceoniger                                 
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
       Aspergillus niger  -                          
           var                                           
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
        Aspergillus niger  -                          
                    var                                           
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
           .                 -             
             amyloliqueefaciens Bacillus spp.              
                     subtilis                                  
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
      -  Aspergillus niger  -             
                    Trichoderma reesei Aspergillus spp.           
                                                               
                    longibrachiatum                               
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
      Trichoderma reesei -             
                                    Aspergillus spp.           
                    longibrachiatum                               
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
        Trichoderma reesei -             
                                    Aspergillus spp.           
                    longibrachiatum                               
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
        Trichoderma reesei  -            
                                    Aspergillus spp.           
                    longibrachiatum                               
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
      -  Trichoderma reesei -             
                           Aspergillus spp.           
                    longibrachiatum                               
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
         licheriformis      -             
                    . subtilis        Bacillus spp.              
                    Klebsiella         Klebsiella spp.            
                    planticola                                    
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
             ,           
   +---+--------------T-------------------T----------------T-----------+
                             . subtilus       ,
                                       . .    
                                                 
                                       .              
                                       ,               
                                       .                  
                                       .                  
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
      -                     Blakeslea         ,
                                       trispora,          
                                         - 
                                                       
                                                       
                                        (+)  (-)            
   +---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+-----------+
               Lactococcus lactis Lactococcus            
      (   subs. lactis       lactis subs.    , 
      -234)                           Lactis  ,     
                                                
                                                     
                                                     
   L---+--------------+-------------------+----------------+------------
   
   
   
   
   
   
                                                         N 5
                                                        
                                              
                                                      
                                                   
                                             31  2004 . N 13
   
                ,    
   
   ---------------------------------------T-----T-------------------
              Ȧ
                                      +-----T-------------+
                                                   
                                                     
                                                      
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                      1                    2    3        4      
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                                           
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
      :                                                
                                             
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                    
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
   ,  ,                            
                                                   
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
   ,    .                          
                                                            
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
     -                          
                                                         
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                       
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
     :                                            
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
     ..                                             
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                                     
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                     
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                     
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                      
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                        
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                         
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                                        
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                             
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                                          
   +--------------------------------------+-----+-----+-------------+
                                              
   L--------------------------------------+-----+-----+--------------
   
   



---